Christiansen, Keith; Rubin, Patricia Lee; Brown, Beverly Louise; Humfrey, Peter; Weppelmann, Stefan; Preimesburger, Rudolf. The Renaissance Portrait from Donatello to Bernini. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2011. 

Classen, Albrecht. Childhood in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: the Results of a Paradigm Shift in the History of Mentality. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co., 2011. 

Coonin, Arnold Victor. "Portrait busts of children in quattrocento Florence,” Metropolitan Museum Journal 30 (1995) 61-71.

Cunningham, Hugh. Children and Childhood in Western Society Since 1500. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis, 2014.

DeMause, Lloyd; Ross, James Bruce. The History of Childhood. New York: The Psychohistory Press, 1974.

Edelstein, Bruce L., and Reiss, Sheryl E. “Bronzino in the service of Eleonora di Toledo and Cosimo I de' Medici : conjugal patronage and the painter-courtier.” Beyond Isabella: secular women patrons of art in Renaissance Italy. 2001.

Ferino-Pagden, Sylvia. Sofonisba Anguissola: A Renaissance Woman. Washington, DC: National Museum of Women in the Arts, 1995.

Fulton, Christopher. "The boy stripped bare by his elders: art and adolescence in Renaissance Florence". The Art Journal / College Art Association of America. 31-40.

Gerrard, Mary D. “Here’s Looking at Me: Sofonisba Anguissola and the Problem of the Woman Artist. Renaissance Quarterly, 47:3 (1994): 556-622. doi: 10.2307/2863021.

Grassi, Marco. "Bronzino at Cosimo's Court." New Criterion 29, no. 4: 17 (2010). Biography Reference Bank (H.W. Wilson), EBSCOhost (accessed December 7, 2017).

Jacobs, Frederika H. "Woman's Capacity to Create: The Unusual Case of Sofonisba Anguissola.” Renaissance Quarterly 47:1 (1994): 74-101. doi: 10.2307/2863112.

Kennedy, David. 2006. Changing conceptions of the child from the Renaissance to post-modernity: a philosophy of childhood. Lewiston: Edwin Mellen Press.

Larson, John. "A polychrome terracotta bust of a laughing child at Windsor Castle." Burlington Magazine 131, (September 1989): 618-624. Art Index (H.W. Wilson), EBSCOhost  (accessed October 2, 2017).

Lavin, Irving. "On the sources and meaning of the Renaissance portrait bust". Looking at Italian Renaissance Sculpture / Ed. by Sarah Blake McHam. (1998): 60-78.

Musacchio, Jacqueline Marie. The art and ritual of childbirth in Renaissance Italy. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999.

Museo del Prado, “Don García de' Medici.”, 2015, Accessed 10/20/17,

National Gallery of Art. “A Little Boy.” Accessed 11/20/17,

Neilson, Christina. Double Portrait of a Boy and Girl of the Attavanti Family, Early 1580's Sofonisba Anguissola (Italian 1528 - 1625).” unknown date. Allen Memorial Art Museum, podcast audio. 00:04:03. Accessed Dec 7, 2017.

Penny, Nicholas. "Raphael." Grove Art Online. Oxford Art Online. Oxford University Press, accessed November 24, 2017,

Pope-Hennessy, John. The Portrait in the Renaissance. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1989.

“Ritratto di Eleonora di Toledo col Figlio Giovanni.” Accessed November 10, 2017.

Schneider, Norbert. The art of the portrait: masterpieces of European portrait-painting, 1420-1670. Köln: Benedikt Taschen, 1994.

Sutherland Harris, Ann. “Sofonisba, Lavinia, Artemisia, and Elisabetta: Thirty Years after Women Artists, 1550-1950” in Italian Women Artists from Renaissance to Baroque. Claudio M. Strinati, Jordana Pomeroy, Vera Fortunati Pietrantonio. New York: National Museum of Women in the Arts, 2007.